Age related physiological changes in the mind and body
Along with aging can come age related physiological changes. These can occur in all organs due to cell death and the generation of new cells. Cells may be programmed to die in a process called apoptosis or because they can only divide a certain number of times.
The stiffening of arteries and blood vessels is the most common change that occurs in the cardiovascular system with age. It is due to the fragmentation and loss of elastin fibers in the walls of arteries and blood vessels. It results in an increased risk of high blood pressure (hypertension), dementia, and death. To promote a healthy heart, it is recommended to exercise daily, eat a balanced diet, and manage your stress.
What can be done?
Memory tends to decline in seniors because they experience decreased blood flow to the brain and brain cells are not able to communicate with each other as well as they used to. Staying mentally active, regularly socializing, and sleeping well are some of the most effective ways to improve your memory.
Bones often decrease in size and density with age. This is due to the increased presence of osteoclasts, which degrade bone, relative to osteoblasts, which build bone. Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by bones that are so weak and brittle that they break easily. To prevent this, seniors should consume 1,200 mg of calcium daily.
Another age-related physiological change that is very common among seniors is vision loss. Close objects are harder to see as the lens of the eye stiffens and depth perception is impaired because the number the nerve cells decreases. It is important to attend regular checkups with your eye doctor, limit your screen time, and take precautions such as wearing sunglasses when it is sunny outside. For easy eye exercises that slow age-related vision changes, check out this blog.
Using the Boom Health app, you can book Personal Support Workers and Registered Nurses to provide care for you or your loved one in the comfort of your home. They will provide a pair of helping hands, expert knowledge, and peace of mind. Find the app on the App Store and Google Play Store.
This article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.