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Common chronic diseases for seniors

Chronic diseases are conditions that last for at least 1 year and either require continuous evaluation or limit the person’s ability to perform daily activities. Approximately 60% of adults in the US have a chronic disease and over 40% have two or more.

Below is a list of 5 of the most common chronic diseases that affect seniors.

1. Hypertension (high blood pressure). A normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. Hypertension is diagnosed if the blood pressure reading is greater than 130/80 mmHg.

2. Hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol). This can clog arteries and prevent blood flow to vital tissues and organs. You can manage it by staying active, minimizing the consumption of fats, and not smoking.

3. Diabetes. There are two types: type 1 and type 2. In type 1, an autoimmune reaction prevents the release of insulin from the pancreas which results in high blood sugar levels. In type 2, the pancreas makes little to no insulin so the body becomes resistant to it.

4. Chronic kidney disease. When damage occurs to the kidneys, they can no longer filter blood normally. As a result, excess waste remains in the body and can result in complications such as stroke and heart disease.

5. Depression. A prolonged feeling of helplessness and discouragement about the future characterize depression. Symptoms of this disorder include suicidal thoughts, guilt, decreased energy, decreased concentration, appetite disturbances, psychomotor changes, and weight gain or loss.

The Boom Health app allows users to book registered nurses, personal support workers, and personal care services, schedule transportation, order prepared meals, rent or purchase medical equipment, and get emergency assistance. Download the app from the App Store or Google Play Store.

This article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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