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Ovarian and prostate cancer

Ovarian cancer originates in the ovaries, which are the female reproductive organs. They are responsible for producing hormones and eggs for fertilization. The most common symptoms of ovarian cancer include swelling or bloating in the abdomen, weight loss, and back pain. A family history of ovarian cancer, mutations in specific genes called BRCA1 and BRCA2, and obesity increase the likelihood of developing ovarian cancer. Tips to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer include consuming foods rich in Vitamin A and Vitamin D and maintaining a healthy weight.

Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in males. The prostate gland consists of approximately 40 small compound glands that empty into the urethra. Its main function is to produce a secretion that serves as a vehicle for the transport of sperm. In the early stages of prostate cancer, signs and symptoms are difficult to detect. However, blood in the urine, erectile dysfunction, and weight loss are symptoms of advanced prostate cancer. Like ovarian cancer, family history and obesity are risk factors for prostate cancer. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal exam can detect prostate cancer. You can reduce your risk of prostate cancer by eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, choosing healthy foods over supplements, and limiting your consumption of red meat.

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This article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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