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Age-related diseases: osteoarthritis

This blog is the seventh part of a new series that builds upon a previous blog that discussed common chronic diseases for seniors. The seventh blog will focus on osteoarthritis.

As the most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis affects millions of people worldwide. It is a degenerative joint condition that causes swelling, stiffness, and pain. Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the joints in the knees, hips, and spine. Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage at the ends of bones wears down over time.

Risk factors for osteoarthritis include obesity, having a family member with the disease, age, and joint injury.

Limited range of motion, joint swelling, muscle weakness around joints, and pain are symptoms of osteoarthritis. Diagnosis involves using a combination of a physical examination, laboratory tests, a review of symptoms, and imaging techniques.

The best ways to prevent osteoarthritis from developing are to prevent injury to your joints, stay physically active, maintain a healthy body weight, and control your blood sugar levels.

The most effective medications work by blocking enzymes that cause swelling and pain. However, the medications can cause liver damage, upset stomach, and bleeding problems.

Love them without losing yourself. The Boom Health app helps you manage your loved one’s home care in one app. Download the app from the App Store or Google Play Store.

This article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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