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Age-related diseases: cardiovascular disease

This blog is the sixth part of a new series that builds upon a previous blog that discussed common chronic diseases for seniors. The sixth blog will focus on cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and affects roughly 1 in 12 Canadians aged 20 and older. It is a group of disorders of the heart and surrounding blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease affects people of all ethnicities, ages, sexes, and socioeconomic statuses. However, men older than 45 years of age and post-menopausal women are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Risk factors include the consumption of alcohol, tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and lack of exercise.

People with heart issues may experience chest pain, shortness of breath, and dizziness. Meanwhile, people with blocked blood vessels may have swelling in their legs, numbness in their face, and difficulty talking.

Lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, consuming a diet that is low in sodium and saturated fat, and staying physically active are effective ways to prevent cardiovascular disease.

Medications for cardiovascular disease typically work by widening blood vessels. This allows the blood to flow more easily. In addition, it reduces the amount of force used by the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body.

The Boom Health app allows users to book registered nurses, personal support workers, and personal care services, schedule transportation, order prepared meals, rent or purchase medical equipment, and get emergency assistance. Download the app from the App Store or Google Play Store.

This article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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